Microwave resonances

Working on something interesting? Share it with the community!

Moderator: robert.ghilduta

Post Reply
fdavies
Posts: 15
Joined: Wed Jul 15, 2015 6:52 pm

Microwave resonances

Post by fdavies » Sat Aug 22, 2015 6:36 pm

One of the things that I love about electronic instruments is that one can often 'see' the invisible. I made a resonant cavity from a 23 oz. Ice Tea can (the largest aluminum can that I could find in the market). I cut out the end and made two small holes on opposite sides about 20% of the way from the open end to the closed end. I put a bulkhead SMA connector with a j shaped loop antenna in each hole and pressed the open end against a copper board. I then connected one SMA to the TX connection of my bladeRF, and the other to the RX connection. Here are two photos:
IMG_3198_reduced.JPG
IMG_3197_reduced.JPG
Here is a summary of my measurements:
2_annotated_modes.png
Cavity:
dimensions of cavity:
length: 181mm (approx)
diam: 73mm (approx)

Mode: Calculated Measured (GHz)
TE111: 2.54e9 2.551, 2.555
TE112: 2.92e9 2.908, 2.915
TM010: 3.14e9 3.067
TM011: 3.25e9 3.263
TE113: 3.46e9 3.428, 3.431
TM012: 3.55e6 3.543
TE211: 4.08e9 out of range
TM110: 5.09e9 out of range

The three TE modes are not radially symmetric, so each is split into two resonances by asymmetries in the cavity, like the SMA connectors. The three TM modes are radially symmetric, so they do not split.

I think that I could get higher Q's (narrower resonance spikes) if I had a better way of closing off the cavity.

bpadalino
Posts: 303
Joined: Mon Mar 04, 2013 4:53 pm

Re: Microwave resonances

Post by bpadalino » Sun Aug 23, 2015 6:25 am

These are some awesome measurements!

What software package do you use to make the images that you have superimposed on the graph?

fdavies
Posts: 15
Joined: Wed Jul 15, 2015 6:52 pm

Re: Microwave resonances

Post by fdavies » Sun Aug 23, 2015 11:37 am

I used Mathematica. I am usually a open source fan, but I got the $300 individual version of Mathematica for a present, and it can certainly make pretty pictures. It would have taken me a lot more effort to make the lines curve with Octave.

Post Reply